first they came for plastic bags. coffee cups are next, and the fast-food industry can\'t find a solution
The liberal small city east of San Francisco is one of the earliest liberal cities in the United States. S.
Roadside recycling is used in cities.
It banned the use of foam plastic and started using plastic shopping bags very early.
Earlier this year, the Berkeley City Council announced a new environmental disaster:go coffee cup.
According to the city council, about 40 million disposable cups are thrown each year in the city, and almost every resident throws one every day.
Therefore, on January, the city said that customers who use takeout will be required to charge an extra 25 cents for the coffee shopaway cup.
\"Waiting is no longer an option,\" Sophie Hahn, a member of the Berkeley City Council who wrote the legislation, said at the time.
Jurisdictions around the world are inundated with garbage and are banned from being single
Use plastic take-out containers and cups.
Europe says plastic beverage cups must be available by 2021.
India wants to quit by 2022.
Taiwan has set 2030 as a deadline.
Surcharges like Berkeley may become more common, trying to quickly change consumer behavior before a more thorough ban.
For a chain like Starbucks, going through about 6 billion cups of coffee a year is definitely a survival dilemma.
Dunkin\' recently renamed himself de-
Emphasizing the origin of the doughnut, the current income is nearly from coffee drinks.
But it\'s also an urgent issue for McDonald\'s and fast food.
The whole food industry.
Executives had long suspected that the day would come.
Individually and together, they \'ve been working on a more eco-friendly plastic alternative --lined, double-Plastic-
It used paper cups for more than ten years.
It\'s not that good.
Scott Murphy, chief operating officer of Dunkin\'s Brands Group, said: \"It\'s wobbling in my soul . \" Dunkin\' Brands Group drinks 1 billion cups of coffee a year.
Since the chain promised to stop using the foam in 2010, he has been trying to redesign the Cup.
This year, its stores have finally transitioned to paper cups, and they continue to repair new materials and designs.
\"It\'s a little more complicated than the credit people give us,\" Murphy said . \".
\"That Cup is the closest interaction we have with our consumers.
This is an important part of our brand and tradition.
A disposable cup is a relatively modern invention.
Around 100, public health advocates were eager to ban a different cup --
Public drinking utensils, a shared tin or glass left near the drinking water.
Lawrence Louren filed a patent for wax figures.
He claims that this is an innovation in health and a preventive measure against diseases such as pneumonia and tuberculosis. To-
Coffee culture did not appear until a long time later.
In late 1970, McDonald\'s launched breakfast nationwide.
More than ten years later, Starbucks opened 50 stores.
According to estimates by BTIG analyst Peter Saleh, the three now sell nearly $20 billion a year of coffee with dunkin.
Meanwhile, companies like Georgia
With the growth of the disposable paper Cup market, the Pacific and International Paper industry also grew, with the disposable paper cup market reaching US $12 billion in 2016.
By 2026, it is expected to be close to $20 billion. The U. S.
About 120 billion paper, plastic and foam coffee cups per year, about one-
Global total fifth.
Almost every one of them99. 75 per cent —
It will take more than 20 years to break down even paper cups.
A wave of plastic bag bans has inspired new efforts to curb cup waste.
Food and beverage containers are a bigger problem and sometimes produce 20 times the amount of garbage that plastic bags produce in any place.
However, it is relatively easy to use reusable cloth bags. With to-
There is no easy choice to go for a cup of coffee.
Berkeley encourages residents to bring a tour cup. Starbucks and Dunn both offer discounts to those who bring a tour Cup. This is a journey.
\'I don\'t think coffee shops will ever know that reusable cups are a good solution,\' says Murphy of Dunkin. \'But now, in a franchise, they can be a \"operational nightmare.
The server never knows if the cup is dirty or should be washed. it is difficult to know how much small and medium-sized coffee is in the Big Cup.
Ten years ago, Starbucks promised to offer up to coffee in its personal travel cup.
Since then, its goal has fallen all the way.
The company gives discounts to anyone who comes with a mug, but still only about the customer does.
Added a temporary 5-
Penny surcharge for disposable cups in USAK.
Last year, the company said the use of reusable cups increased by 150.
So the company has been working on better cups.
It took Dunkin nine years to come up with a way to replace its signature foam cup.
Early attempts require new covers, which are hard to recycle themselves.
The prototype made of 100 recycled material is buckled at the bottom and tilted.
Cups made of mushroom fiber promise to break down easily, but it\'s too expensive to zoom in a lot.
The chain has finally set a pair. walled plastic-
Lined paper cups, thick enough to protect the hands of sippers without an external sleeve and compatible with the existing lid.
They are made of paper of moral origin and biodegradable faster than foam, but that\'s why --
They are more expensive to make and are not recyclable in most places.
Paper cups are hard to recycle as we all know.
Recyclers are worried that plastic liners will stick their machines together, so they almost always throw them in the trash can.
Three \"batch machines\" in North America are able to separate the plastic lining from the paper.
According to US data, if cities can improve recycling on a large scale, one of about 25 coffee cups can be recycled in a few years, up from one of 400K.
Paper cup recycling group.
This is a big \"if.
\"Consumers usually throw their coffee cups on plastic covers and then have to separate them before they can be recycled separately.
Dunkin said it is working with the municipalities to ensure that cups that can be recycled are actually recycled.
\"This is a journey --
\"I don\'t think it\'s going to end,\" said Murphy of Dunkin . \".
McDonald\'s recently partnered with Starbucks and other fast food companies
Offering the restaurant the next generation Cup challenge worth $10 million
A photo of the moon to develop, accelerate and expand more sustainable development\"go cup.
On February, the competition announced 12 winners, including cups made of compost and recyclable cardboard, and the development of a factory --
The base lining that can hold the liquid and the scheme designed to encourage reusable cups.
\"We are looking for a solution close to it.
Commercially viable terms and desirable things, \"said Bridget Crocker, vice president of external affairs at recycling\'s closed-loop partner company.
An investment company focused on managing challenges.
A cup that can degrade faster is a solution
The European ban is an exception to compostable cups that break up in 12 weeks --
But even if such a cup is easy to buy and the price is high --
Effective, United StatesS.
There are not enough industrial composting facilities to break them down.
In this case, they will go to the landfill where they will not break down at all.
At its annual meeting in 2018, Starbucks quietly tested a coffee cup made from the recycled parts of other coffee cups, which is widely regarded as the holy grail of coffee cups.
It\'s a performing art, like any other: in order to design a limited run, the coffee chain collects a truck of cups and sends them to the Sustana batch pulp mill in Wisconsin for processing.
From there, the fibers were sent to the WestRock paper mill in Texas and turned into cups, which were printed by another company.
Even if the subsequent cup is better for the environment, the process used to make the Cup is definitely not the case.
\"There is a big engineering challenge here,\" said Croke, a closed loop . \".
\"It is clear that the company has been working hard to solve the problem not fast enough.
So a government like Berkeley is not waiting.
Miriam Gordon said the municipality had conducted an investigation into residents prior to the charge and found that it would convince more than 70 residents to start bringing their own 25-cent surcharge cups, upstream project director, a non-profit organization that helped Berkeley draft legislation.
This charge is an experiment on human behavior, not a traditional tax.
The Berkeley coffee shop retains the extra cost and can even lower the price so that the cost paid by the consumer remains the same.
They just need to know that there is a surcharge.
\"Customers have to see it,\" Gordon said . \".
\"That\'s why people change their behavior.